ELDS IN CANADA: NEED TO KNOW FACTS

We’re here to let you know the facts about ELDs and their implementation in Canada.

ELECTRONIC LOGGING DEVICES IN CANADA

The ELD Mandate

The U.S implemented their ELD Mandate on December 18, 2017, it requires that Electronic Logging Devices (ELDs) replace the standard paper logbooks used to record Hours of Service (HOS). Q4 of 2019 marks the time Transport Canada intends to enact their version of the ELD mandate, requiring carriers and drivers of Commercial Motor Vehicles (CMV) to use ELDs instead of paper logbooks to report Record of Duty Status (RODS).

The Canadian ELD mandate is in effect since June 12, 2021, with a progressive enforcement period for the first 12 months. According to Transport Canada, there are roughly 175,000 federally regulated trucks and vans operating within our borders, and only 56.5% of them have currently operational ELDs. However, there are also over 700,000 commercial trucks in Canada according to Stats Can*. That means there are at least 525,000 trucks that are not federally regulated and there is no data regarding current voluntary ELD adoption.

COST, BENEFITS, AND RISK

There are several arguments for the implementation of an ELD mandate in Canada. The primary one being that the United States is Canada’s closest neighbor, geographically and economically. Harmonizing HOS regulations reduce friction. Harmonized regulation is beneficial as over 1.7 Billion dollars worth of goods and services cross between the 120 land border crossings and 23 international bridges that link our two countries.* Additionally, a study conducted in 2016 by Transport Canada concluded that there are significant efficiency and safety benefits to the widespread adoption of ELDs in Canada.

COSTS

Provincial and territorial inspectors will enforce ELD implementation compliance. The data must be able to transmit logs to inspectors via a digital display screen, printout or any other intelligible output. Additionally, carriers must equip each Commercial Motor Vehicle (CMV) with user manuals for the device and instructions that outline the steps needed for drivers to transfer RODS data to inspectors, as well as what to do in case of a malfunction*.

ATTENTION

Provincial and territorial inspectors will enforce ELD implementation compliance. The data must be able to transmit logs to inspectors via a digital display screen, printout or any other intelligible output. Additionally, carriers must equip each Commercial Motor Vehicle (CMV) with user manuals for the device and instructions that outline the steps needed for drivers to transfer RODS data to inspectors, as well as what to do in case of a malfunction*.

BENEFITS

Efficiency:

BENEFITS

Safety:

The same survey that provided the above projections and analysis concluded that carriers who currently do not monitor HOS would not do so unless required by regulation. Thus the implementation of ELDs will simultaneously 1) make HOS easier to manage 2) regulate the consistent monitoring of HOS by carriers.

ELD CHECKLIST

When choosing an ELD, ensure that the device is fully compliant with Transport Canada’s regulations. A compliant ELD must check these four (4) boxes in the following checklist in your evaluation.

TIP

ELDS come in many forms. Units can hard-wired into the engine’s computer, or easily plugged in via the JBUS or OBD ports. Define your fleet needs first. Is most of the activity of your fleet restricted to a relatively small area not requiring overnight trips? Do your CMV’s travel long distances sparingly? Then a hardwired ELD device is likely not the best solution. Consider adopting an ELD that connects to JBUS or OBD ports.

ENSURE POSITIVE ROI

Although Transport Canada concluded that the net benefit of ELD implementation would be 200+ million, we know many fleet managers are concerned that the initial and recurring costs of mandatory ELDs will be difficult to overcome. To offset ELD costs a common strategy is to combine the technology with existing fleet tracking systems or to adopt both ELDs and telematics at the same time.

AVLS fleet tracking providers often supply ELD solutions, and some have created efficiencies by combining technology into single unit hardware. Meaning that with a single installation, fleet managers can ensure full ELD compliance and begin gaining the benefits of fleet tracking. There is ELD hardware that fleet operators can get diagnostic engine codes straight to their device, be notified of speeding and aggressive driving events, create virtual geo-fences and generate a variety of time-saving and productivity improving report and analytics. A leading research firm, Berg Insight, predicts that market penetration of GPS tracking will reach 40% by 2020.

TIP

ELDS come in many forms. Units can hard-wired into the engine’s computer, or easily plugged in via the JBUS or OBD ports. Define your fleet needs first. Is most of the activity of your fleet restricted to a relatively small area not requiring overnight trips? Do your CMV’s travel long distances sparingly? Then a hardwired ELD device is likely not the best solution. Consider adopting an ELD that connects to JBUS or OBD ports.

Ken Franczek
Ken Franczek
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